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;.' ,..Y ~ ~ ~..a~ ..~':\~ '~~. ~~ .,. ~~:~:~~ f .~~ (j) VOX UC VOL 1 UNITED COLLEGES WINNIPEG NO 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 ( " \ I.:!'v'/ / / PHOTOGRAPHS THAT PLEASE-WE MAKE THEM AT BRYANT'S STUDIO SPECIAL DISCOUNT . GIVEN TO ALL STUDENTS ALLWORK GUARANTEED WE SPECIALIZE IN COLLEGE GROUPS PHONE 22473 611 WINNIPEG PIANO BUILDING (Cor. Portage and Hargrave) It Gives You Away, This Gift Buying Its such an evidence of good taste or the lack of it. And that's a splendid reason for selecting at Dingwall's-correct vogue is assured. But there's another reason-prices are consistently reasonable, high or inexpensive, just as the value IS. It is a standard to which we hold. Portage at Garry CDinE6waZl's WINNIPEG ECONOMICAL FUR COATS A Fur Coat of Holt, Renfrew Style, Quality aud Value i. truely economical. It will long outwear a Cloth Coat. far surpass it in .tyle. give you ever so much more comfort. and you un, if you wish. buy your Fur Coat on our BUDGET BUYING PLAN wbicb makts purchase very easy through conveniently arranged deferred payment.. No interest charge. for this service. We are sbowing a wonderful assortment of high..grade furs of every description for women and for men. We invite your inspection. HOLT, RENFREW & CO., LTD. MAKERS OF DEPENDABLE FURS FOR 90 YEARS PORTAGE AND CARLTON WINNIPEG SUPPORT "VOX" ADVERTISERS-THEY SUPPORT YOU vox ENGRAVINGS FOR COLLEGE PUBLICITY Photographs, drawings, cartoons, headings and engravings, plain or colored. for University or High School Year Books. Years of experience in the preparation of College Annuals make us leaders in this class of publicity, TELEPHONES; 23 850, 23 859 MONTREAL SUCCESSORS TO British& Colonial Press LiInited 290 VAUGHAN STREET TORONTO WINNIPEG "Bottlers of Better Beverages" We take great pride in this slogan. 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Anderson DENTIST 507 Boyd Building Boulevard Barber & Beauty Parlors Highly Experienced Barbers Ladies' Work a Specialty Private Parlors 471 ~ PORTAGE AVE. (Fh'e Doors W..t of Colony Stre ee) PHONE 37498 BANK AT The Royal Bank of Canada PORTAGE AND GOOD BRANCH WINNIPEG LOOSE LEAF NOTE BOOKS A flexible Loose Leaf Note Book is the most convenient book for lecture notes. The notes of all subjects can be kept between the covers of one book. Our Leader is the EMERALD JUNIOR A three-ring cover inflexible fabrikoid with large filler. P;ice, $2.25 Office Phone: 28887 Res. Phone: 30082 UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA BOOK DEPARTMENT SUPPORT "VOX" ADVERTISERS-THEY SUPPORT YOU Vol. I vox DECEMBER, 1927 Editorial Staff No. 1 HONORARY EDITOR _.__.__._. PRoF. A. C. COOKE, B.A. EDITOR-IN-CHIEF ............................... HAROLD ROBSON, B.A. E D ITOR-IN·CHIEF __~ ASSISTANT EDITOR _ ___MISS K. W. McARTHUR, '28 LITERARY EDITOR __ _ -MISS MARY DAVIDSON, '28 ASSIST. LITERARY EDITOR DAVID OWENS, '29 RELIGIOUS EDITOR -ALEX. COX, B.A. ALUMNI EDITOR ------ CARL HALSTEAD, B.A. jDAISY DE YONG, M., '28 - DOROTHY POUND, '30 LOCAL EDITORS ------ . JOHN LINTON, '29 MARK TALNICOFF , '30 K 'TALNICOFF, '30 SAM J. B. PARSONS, '31 EXCHANGE AND REVIEW • ~BURTON RICHARDSON, '28 ATHLETICS R. GERALD RIDDELL, '29 BUSINESS MANAGER GEORGE FURNIVAL, '29 ASSIST. BUSINESS MANAGER _. BRUCE J. McKITTRICK, '29 ADVERTISING SOLICITOR - MISS EILEEN GAMEY, '28 CIRCULATION MANAGER .; HOWARD REYNOLDS, '30 ASSIST. CIRCULATION MANAGER ~. ._STANLEY R. McLEOD, '29 CONTENTS THREE GREEK CHORUSES FREE VERSE-WHAT IS IT? CLIO'S DAY OFF DISARMAMENT r----------- 4 vox (gHRISTMAS Eve, and twelve of the clock. "Now they are all on their knees," An elder said as he sat in a flock By the embers in heatthside ease. We pictured the meek mild creatures where They dwelt in their strawy pen, Nor did it occur to one of us there To doubt they were kneeling then. So fair a fancy few would weave In these years! Yet, I feel, If someone said on Christmas Eve, "Come; see the oxen kneel "In the lonely barton by yonder coomb Our childhood used to know," I should go with him in the gloom, Hoping it might be so. -THOMAS HARDY. vox PROFESSOR J. N. ANDERSON 5 It is my pleasant duty, in this first issue of Vox, to voice our welcome to Rev. J. Norrie Anderson, M.A., who has joined our staff as Lecturer in History. Born and reared at Stornoway, in the Island of Lewis, amongst the hills and mists of the Hebrides, there is about him something of the invigorating atmosphere of his native isles, something of the alertness, vigour, and adventurous spirit of his Viking ancestors. After absorbing what education Nicholson Institute, at Stornoway, had to offer, he journeyed south to the wind-swept hills of "Auld Reekie" and achieved his M.A. degree at the University of Edinburgh, with Honours in History, in 1913. He then entered New College, Edinburgh, the training ground for ministers of the United Free Church of Scotland. While there, he heard the call of missions, and came to Canada in 1915 to serve as student missionary under the former Presbyterian Church at Kerrobert, Sask. But the call to service in the Great War drew him back to remain with the Scottish forces until the end of the war, when he returned to New College. It was the writer's privilege to sit with him for a term in 1919, along with a large company of Scots and overseas men, exposed to lectures in Dogmatic (Systematic Theory) from the great Professor Hugh Mackintosh. The following year, having completed his course in Theology, Mr Anderson was appointed Professor of History in Union Christian College at Madras, India. This college is maintained, co-operatively, by seven Mission Societies, and holds much the same relation to the University of Madras as our United Colleges do to Manitoba University. In Madras, he met his matrimonial fate in the person of Miss (Dr.) Finlay, a medical missionary from Winnipeg. On their first furlough, when Mrs. Anderson's health made return to India impossible, they decided to settle in Canada. Last spring, after a period of supply, Mr. Anderson was called to the United Church at Deloraine, Manitoba, but before he was regularly settled, was appointed to our staff. With training in Scotland and experience in India, with a Winnipeg wife to supply the necessary Canadian background, he is equipped to render signal service to our academic and student life. He has entered enthusiastically into all thework of the college, and is taking a deep interest in the S.C.M. Vox, the voice of the college, gives him and his family a sincere and hearty welcome, and wishes him many years of happy and useful activity in our midst. -L.W.M. 6 Three Greek Choruses VOX Gree 1rIhllf<e<e CGrr<e<e1k ceIhl~rrlill~®~ WATSON KIRKCONNELL HE fifth century B.C. may well claim to be the most important in the history of human thought. No other period has been so profoundly concerned with philosophy and religion; no other has shown so widespread an interest in the fundamental issues of human life. When the century opens, Gotama, the noble founder of Buddhism, is sweeping India with a mighty wind of spiritual idealism; the pure, flame-like Magian gospel of Zoroaster is at its height in Persia; among the Jews, the unknown authors of Job, Jonah, and Deutero-Isaiah are composing the loftiest Hebrew utterances on religion; while in Ionian Greece. Heraclitus of Ephesus is propounding a scientific cosmology as challenging as the modern doctrine of evolution. At the close of the century, Socrates. the apostle of reason and morality, is still alive, with Plato as his pupil. And in the years that lie between come the great tragic poets of Athens, JEschylus, Sophocles and Euripides. who treat equally great ideas with even greater power. A brief consideration of these three dramatists may possess some interest even for our sophisticated age; for the basic facts of human experience are not altered, even though we are less interested in them. To the Greek, life was not something whose purpose was veiled behind a web of industrial, commercial and social activities, made ends in themselves instead of mere handmaids to man's actual task of living richly and deeply. The fifth century Greek thinker faced the Real in its stark simplicity. He agonized over the nature of man, the secret springs of his happiness, and the sinister mystery of his suffering. He strove to give intelligibility to that grim flux of good and evil in which he found himself engulfed, and out of those wrestlings in the night he won certain conceptions of life which are of unsurpassed power. These are embodied in the work of the great dramatists, and find their most explicit expression in the choruses of some of their plays. I have, therefore, translated into English verse the three choruses given hereunder, each of which is typical of some particular aspect of the Hellenic Weltanschouung. The first of these fundamental notions is the wonder of man as man, the amazing qualities of that intellect by which he has built up noble civilizations out of crude, inchoate savagery. This view has always prevailed in the great creative eras of human history; and has, conversely, been lacking in those sterile periods when, as from 300 A.D. to 1200 A.D., a blighting conviction of human depravity has held sway. In that dark age, the dirty minds of medieval theologians dragged humanity down into the mire; slandered with foulness some of the most sacred functions and relationships of human life, and marked man himself as a worm and the son of a worm, fit only for fire unquenchable. The Greeks. in the healthy larger air of their day, unpoisoned by these nasty complexes saw man vox 7 in a truer perspective as the highest of things created, the greatest marvel cast from the hand of Time. Such is the verdict of Sophocles in his Antigone: The marvels of the mighty earth are many But none of them more marvellous than man. Who rides the hoary sea unhelped of any, Spreading his sails to wild Eurocludon, Ploughing the surges with his argosy; So, too, the immortal Earth he works upon,Earth the unwearied eldest god doth he Upturn with patient strength of horses straining, As year by year the ploughs do drudgery. The fickle race of birds feel his constraining, The wild beast and the deep-sea brood he takes, Man by his knowledge over nature reigning: Wild horse and mountain bull by skill he breaks And puts his yoke upon their shaggy necks. The miracles of speech and wind-swift thought And all the moods that mould the civic host, These to his generation he has taught; And how to flee the shafts of midnight frost And how ward off the shafts of rushing rain, Yea, in no crisis is his cunning lost, Ever he finds resource for human pain, Ever he solves life's baffling maladies,Only towards Death are all his arts in vain. Cunning .beuond hope's fairest fantasies Is that rich skill, pregnant for ill or good. When he keeps justice and the law's decrees His cities stand in noble nationhood; But if he sin, his name is lost in blood. In the closing lines of this chorus we are re-minded of a second principle in life, the principle of morality. There are inner laws which must be obeyed if the human spirit is to know peace; and violation of these laws brings disaster. The Greeks deprecated especially all excesses of conduct, all offenses against quiet, measured temperance of soul. Overweening pride, churlish hatred, harsh tyranny, brutal violence, and blind disrespect for the holiest things of human life were punished by the immutable justice of Heaven. Euripides puts it thus in his Bacchae: To reinless mouth and lawless mind Disaster is the end at last, But men of peace and prudence find Their dwellingplace for ever fast. Although the gods recline afar, Their eyes are where we mortals are. Measure in knowledge marks the wise, While he who soars too high meets dread calamities. The power divine moves slowly on Yet surely mars the madman's pride That fails to found true life upon The laws in which our souls abide. Subtly is hid the foot of Time, Relentless on the track of crime. Ah, let us guard our erring eyes And still respect divine and human sanctities. 8 VOX v.a x But these dramatists realize, as does the anonymous author of Job, that there are exceptions to this law of reward and punishment. Still wider conceptions are necessary if we ar-e to be reconciled to the obvious facts of human life. Our ignorance of ultimate ends must be stressed; we must like Job, have faith that life, however incomprehensible to us in some respects, does possess justifying significance, and that man's first duty is humble obedience to his highest spiritual ideals. With this must be coupled the doctrine of wisdom through suffering-analogous to Goethe's "Durch Leiden Freude"a realization that calamity, no matter how unmeaning, may, if we will, become an instrument of purging, enlightenment, and benediction to the sufferer. As JEschylus puts it in his Agamemnon: Sing sorrow, sorrow, but may good prevail!Ah God, who'er thou art, uihat'er thy name, Sole hope my heart's conjectures can proclaim When the vague burdens of my doubts assail, Let every man now hail Thy godhead as the founder of his frame! God is man's guide in understanding's way; Wisdom through suffering is his final law, And when to sleeping hearts come griefs to gnaw And sober counsel breaks the will's proud play, 'Tis surely sent from his stern Judgement-seat, And scales of Justice sway The bruised of heart to turn their erring feet. Ah, leave the future to God's seeming chance; Mourn not for griefs unscannedl For we but walk in twilight ignorance, And when the dawn breaks we shall understand. J vox EDITORIAL 9 Vox wishes its readers a joyous Holiday Season! May you make this Christmastide merry with -Good-will. and may you greet the New Year with happy hearts. * * * As a young bride greets her lover on her betrothal day. so Vox greets you; trusting. come what may; hopeful for the best; filled wih true love. With no tradition to restrict or force its policy, the future character of Vox rests entirely in the control of its constituency. Although its character will necessarily be conditioned by those who contribute. and it may at times fall into the hands of tyrants or undemocratic parties. nevertheless the final authority and responsibility for the magazine lies upon the Student Body. It is yours to do with as you will; and should you not wish to do anything with it. and allow it to fall into unscrupulous hands. you are not relieved of any moral responsibility. for it is still yours. * * * STUDENT VOLUNTEER CONVENTION During the Christmas vacation a great Student Volunteer Convention will be held in Detroit. From December 28th to January l st about four thousand students will discuss modern problems in missions. That these problems are many and difficult is everywhere recognized. All our thinking along these lines has been revolutionized by recent developments in international affairs, and by the breakdown of many of our former theories about religion. more especially about the nature of the religion called Christianity. The convention is prepared to have fearless and absolutely sincere discussions covering the whole filed of the missionary enterprise. The validity of Christianity's claim to pre-eminence among religions; the strength and weakness of the organized forces of the Christian Church at home and abroad; the inconsistencies and contradictions and discrepancies that undermine the effectiveness of missionary work; the challenge of our own English-speaking citizens. and the specific problems of the Mission field, are some of the questions that will engage the attention of the delegates. Fourteen students. representing all the Colleges in the University of Manitoba. will attend the convention. The committee in charge, headed by Berdene Clark. is hard at work collecting funds and making 10 vox arrangements for the sending of this delegation; We look forward with intense interest to the reports and impressions that will be recorded by the students on their return. THE INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS STUDY GROUP That the students of the United Colleges are alert to the value of a special study of international affairs was proved by the large number attending the organization meeting of this group, when Professor Moffitt 'outlined the political and commercial activities of the United States among the South American countries. Thirty-eight students signed the enrollment sheet, and a large number of these were present at the first regular meeting, on Novmber 30, when Professor Cooke presented the problems of the League of Nations, and described its organization in practical work. The group, which has promised to be out in full force at the January meeting, will be organized somewhat like the League of Nations, with Chairman, Professor Moffitt; Secretary, John Lysecki, and a committee of students to arrange programmes. The group members will be regional representatives and will defend the interests of the country or region they represent, in all discussions. Some members of the Faculty will be in the group both as active members and as advisors. The first discussion of the new term will be on the subject of Disarmament, and it is expected that the Committee will assign regions before the holidays so that the representatives may do some reading in preparation for what promises to be one of the most interesting and really stimulating student meetings of the year. This group is still open to any students who care to enroll before or on the occasion of the January meeting. To have the opportunity to discuss the great problems of the day under the stimulus of student discussion groups, and with the guidance of expert and unprejudiced opinion, is a privilege as well as a delight. THE COLLEGE MAGAZINE With cheerful regularity the question as to the need or expediency of a College publication arises. It will never be settled because it is one form of "football" that can be kicked about with impunity and without responsibility. It cannot be settled in any case until we cease confusing the functions of newspaper and magazine. When the student mind, already sufficiently perplexed, is asked to refresh itself upon an assorted heap of stale news scraps, athletic notices, mouldy and feeble jokes, clippings from more successful journals, and a literary essay or two, it quite justifiably resents the intrusion of such a jumble upon an otherwise well-ordered universe. It is axiomatic that a magazine should not concern itself with transient news other than to make appropriate comment on events of permanent interest. The Manitoban is our news-sheet, and our vox 11 class reporters are chosen for their supposed ability to gather the news and record it. All the old arguments recur with wearying monotony. but one of the most curious and significant of the common ones now current is that our student body is "bourgeois" and honestly confesses its inability to produce a literary publication. This is an interesting comment on the particular kind of democracy that would reduce society to one dead level of incapacity. It is also urged that we are materialists. and that the real values of College life are its utilitarian values. Let us be consistent materialists then. The rewards of literary effort today are among the most satisfying in the whole range of human activities. and the College journal affords valuable opportunity to gain experience in this very promising field. under the guidance of a criticism that has the priceless virtue of honesty. It is true that a limited group of Philistines and Barbarians regard with suspicion and dislike the quixotic imbecility of those who enjoy the cultural values of a literary publication. but it does not follow that the student body should be deprived of such. or that the College magazine should fall into disrepute on that account. Imaginative insight applied to recording the work and life of the student-that is all. It is the simplest and most practical demand that can be laid "Upon us. Creative genius mayor may not be revealed in this experience. but clarity and order in expression. the right use of words. the ability to organize and record thought and opinion, are assets of untold value in any career. The Torch of Saskatoon. Crimson of Harvard. Acta Victoriana of Toronto. and many others prove the possibility of having a first- , class magazine. To admit its impossibility in our own College is to announce to our sister Colleges and to the public that we have succumbed to intellectual paralysis. and have forfeited our right to be known as an "Institution of higher learning." • 12 vox FREE VERSE-WHAT IS IT? URING the past twenty years has grown up a class of writers which has produced, and is producing, a prolific amount ___1l:.tIiII of matter dedicated to the cause. of Free Verse. These are the radicals, the "Reds" of literature, who would endeavor to revolutionize the accepted principles and standards upon which poetry is founded. Garibaldi's red shirt is hardly more spectacular than that of Carl Sandburg- My shirt is a token and a symbol, more than a lover for sun and rain. My shirt is a signal and a teller of souls. I can take off my shirt and tear it, and so make a ripping razzly noise, and the people will say, "Look at him tear his shirt." I can keep my shirt on. I -can stick around and sinq like a little bird and look 'em all in the eye and never be fazed. I can keep my shirt on. The impulse of the movement is a conviction that the old metrical forms are exhausted, that rhyme and metre are merely mechanical and external attributes of poetry that are 'so over-worked that they have become not only vapid but despicable and fettering. In their rebellion against the bondage of the tradition of metre, they upholda new law, that of cadence. They claim to have a tradition in English poetry in Chaucer, Milton, Dryden and Matthew Arnold. They trace their immediate descent by way of the French "Symbolists," and have taken as their motto: "Individualism in literature, liberty in art, and abandonment of existing forms." But free verse has other attributes besides freedom from all metrical obligations as caesura, hiatus, and other artifices proper to metrical forms. A line of free verse is a complete grammatical unity, involving several considerations: sometimes sound entirely, sometimes the desire to isolate a particular phase or image to lend vividness to the impression, sometimes a transition in the thought or emotion. Syllabic enumeration or construction, apart from propriety of sense and pleasant movement, plays no part in determining the length of the lines, which may be of varying lengths. Free verse is distinguished from prose by the fact that it is composed of short sections which are in themselves accentual or grammatical unities. In this lies the distinctive positive quality of free verse. . Walt Whitman, the beginner of the revolt in America, gained a greater reputation as an innovator. than as a poet. At his death the form lacked followers for a time, but from 1914-20 free verse became the fashion in the United States. Not only did the leaders of the style accept it as their sole mode of expression, but whole armies of amateurs and "near-poets" produced their imitations. Three great Imagist anthologies appeared in 1915, 1916, and 1917. Amy vox 13 Lowell was the great exponent of free verse and used it perhaps most successfully. Ezra Pound and Carl Sandburg used it, as also did H.D. in his "Sea Garden," and Masters in his "Spoon River Anthology." But by 1922 Pound and Sandburg were almost the only ones left to defend it; Masters was writing blank verse, and Amy Lowell was experimenting with Chaucerian stanza, ballad measures and polished tercets. It is not likely that free verse will completely vanish, nor that it will occupy the prominent position desired by its exponents, but it will take its place beside other verse forms to be used to give a desired effect. Free verse endeavors, by its change of form, to register the successive states of emotion as they appear, in order to retain the impressionistic, which, its writers claim, is the very essence and flavor of art. For this purpose, to give a kaleidoscopic view of a series of impressions, free verse is admirably suited, because of its spontaneity. But "Emotion recollected in tranquillity" produces the greater poetry, complete in its interpretation of intensity and refined by the processes of reflection. -D.H., '29. DISARMAMENT By H. R. LANE o an ancient sage of the East, who claimed to have run the gamut of life's experiences, is attributed the dictum "wisdom is better than weapons of war." It is a noble utterance, but like most of its kind has received a theoretical and academic acceptance only. Men always have stood with bared heads before any manifestation of wisdom. They fain would obey her instructions. Comparatively speaking, she is "better than" a host of things-"weapons of war," for instance. But surety weapons of war are "good" at least, and besides, there are occasions when wisdom would be of little avail but weapons of war very effective. Therefore. let us have them. So men have argued and, satisfied with their argument, they have acted. If it has ever been suggested that weapons of war ought to be scrapped in favor of wisdom, the utterance has been drowned in \the clang of the armor and the boom of the guns. The reason for the maintenance of war weapons is not an obscure one. Nothing is more marked in our western world than its thirst for power. So eastern minds tell us. Western nations have endeavoured to build up their prestige and material greatness on the principle that "Power" is secured in proportion. to the amount of physical force which they can bring to their command and exhibit to rival nations. War was the chief avenue through which Power could be obtained. Weapons of war were regarded as the instruments by which to achieve world dominance. If the advance of the nation must be made over the bodies of dead men all well and good as 14 vox long as the advance was made. And thus the belief that physical force was supreme led the nations of the western world into the slaughter and chaotic upheaval of the Great War. Both those who actively engaged in that mighty struggle and those who waited in anxiety at home cherished the hope that it was "a war to end war." At its conclusion, when the statesmen gathered to frame the peace treaty. they expressed in emphatic language the same hope. But it remained for the High Contracting Parties to the League of Nations to state definitely the first essential requirement for the achievement of peace. Into Article VIII of the Covenant was written the following: "The Members of the League recognize that the maintenance of peace requires the reduction of national armaments to the lowest point consistent with national safety and the enforcement by common action of international obligations." At last men realised and were convinced that disarmament is the precursor of peace, for the mere existence of war weapons suggests their use. We may now legitimately ask. what steps have been taken to achieve actual disarmament since the above Covenant was written? Undoubtedly the League of Nations and its branches have given much thought to the matter. A disarmament commission was appointed. Then followed the Geneva Protocol. the Treaty of Locarno, and other treaties all aiming in their way to establish security among the nations and reduce armaments. In addition, but not under the auspices of the League, two famous disarmament conferences have been held. The first was at Washington in 1921 at which the United States. Great Britain. Japan, France and Italy were represented. On this occasion these powers stabilized capital ship tonnage by agreeing toa proportional basis of 5-5-3-1.67-1.67 respectively. As a result. 70 ships, totalling 1.645,000 tons, were scrapped. But observe, this conference limited the construction of capital ships only. Sea fighters of the lighter type-destroyers, cruisers, submarineswere not affected. One cannot but believe that the nations- took advantage of this loop-hole to conduct an extensive building campaign in light armaments. The second of these conferences was suggested by President Coolidge and convened during the past summer at Geneva. Great Britain. United States and Japan were represented. France and Italy refused, to participate officially. It was the conference's business to attempt to limit the construction of lighter vessels and reach some satisfactory agreement on a building program. The sessions closed in complete failure. Naval experts and lords of the admiralty. who were the official representatives, were unable to think in any other terms but those of equality in armaments for the sake of future wars. Britain favored an increase of tonnage in light cruisers. United States claimed she had no need for such. Each insisted on complete equality with the other. As Lloyd George stated. Great Britain and the United States insisted on being "five-fifths" fools. while Japan was satisfied to remain "three-fifths" of a fool. The conference will imprint itself as a dark blot on the pages of Anglo-American relations. But al- vox 15 ready it has done more than that. Bad feeling. suspicion and resentment have been engendered while the naval moguls have strengthened their position immensely. Listen to this. I quote from an editorial in The Army and Navy Journal (an American publication) of August 6. 1927: "The adjournment of the Tripartite Naval Conference at Geneva. without agreement is in the nature of a trumpet call to the American people to prepare on sea and land to defend themselves against foreign aggression. . . . Great Britain has served notice that she will never surrender the supremacy of the seas and that she will not permit equality.... Shall the American people remain quiescent in inferiority? They will not! ... We call on the nation to direct Congress to provide a Navy which will make the U.S. dominant afloat.... And as part of our national defense necessities we appeal for the enlargement of the Army which the protection of our interests likewise demands." I leave you to draw your own conclusions. But. obviously. there is no inclination to reduce armaments. Instead, the possibility of an Anglo-American war is suggested. The editorial is the quintessence of a selfish nationalism and is the sortof thing which breeds misunderstanding. Except for the forced disarmament of our former enemy countries. there has been no disarmament on the part of the larger European nations. There are at least 600,000 more men under arms than in 1913. and the standing armies of Europe have increased by almost 20 per cent. Great Britain is spending more money on her navy in 1927 than she did in 1913. It is estimated that from 60 per cent. to 70 per cent. of her 800,000 pound annual budget is devoted to wars "past, present and future." The U.S.A. spends at least twice as much on her navy as she did before the war. Canada spends about $12,700,000 annually on her national defense. See the cost of armaments from another angle. It is said that the capital expenditure required to construct a battle cruiser is $30,000.000. This sum is sufficient to have financed the League of Nations from its inception to the middle of 1926. The yearly upkeep of a cruiser is $2,750.000. which is equal to about half the yearly cost of the League. We must remember, of course, that Article VIII of the League Covenant does not call for total disarmament. It reads that "the maintenance of peace requires the reduction of national armaments to the lowest point consistent with national safety." Security from attack is a prerequisite to disarmament, and until all possibility of that is eliminated the phrase "consistent with national safety" will be variously interpreted by the nations. The claim is strenuously made, however, that security and peace must be attained by way of armed preparedness and weapons of war are essential. Such a claim presupposes the legitimacy and legality of war, which is a status that many minds refuse to grant. One is compelled to say that it is not to armed preparedness but to the League of Nations that we must look for security. for "the prestige of the League is the greatest of all guarantees of security." Two things are lacking to make that prestige 16 vox supremely great, and those are the out-and-out memberships of United States and Russia. Still there is hope. A preparatory League disarmament conference is called to meet at Geneva on November 30. Russia has signified her intention to participate. The significance of this step can . scarcely be overestimated and the results of the deliberations will be known before this article appears in print. What is the responsibility of students as this drama of "Dis~ armament" proceeds? It is imperative that we keep ourselves informed as to the sudden scene-shiftings and strange movements of our elders in their efforts to bring peace to the nations. Yet, there is bound to be a much more challenging task laid at our feet, gods of armed conflict. "Weapons of war" are the symbols of an whether we like it or no. As the years pass by the opportunity may be given to us to emancipate the human race from servitude to the insidious militarism that, unchecked, would destroy the very vitals of the world's life. War itself epitomizes all that is irrational and inhuman. vox CLIO'S DAY OFF 17 "History," says Mr. Ford with characteristic lucidity. "is bunk." It may be that you. whose eyes have been caught by the cogency and pertinence of this remark, have at this very moment on your hands an essay-Compare and Contrast the Character and Achievements of-well, whoever it is. If so. you are doubtless feeling that when Henry said that. he was hitting on all four. Perhaps you have consulted the Cambridge Modern History. that~ Work that obscures . . .. Making our not-returning time of breath Dull with the ritual and records of death; That frost of fact by which our wisdom gives Correctly stated death to all that lives. But. after all. this is. thank heaven, a democratic country. One man is as good as another-s-and a great sight better. If the historians can't write history, go to the man on the street. You have' probably been tapping the wrong source. Or better yet. go to the children of the country, the hope of the future. Thousands of them in our Public and High Schools have looked with their clear and candid gaze abroad upon the world, have read history without prejudice. and written it. upon occasion. without rancour and with considerable originality. Space does not permit transcription at any length of passages from these younger historians, but, for the sake of those who have failed to find stimulation or help from the orthodox writers, one or two examples may be quoted to suggest the nature of the material rewarding those who care to read further in this field. "It was after the founding of a few small colonies that man first appeared upon the earth. "The Egyptians tried to advance upon their descendants. "Egypt declined because they made all the best people into mummies. "The public life of Athens was that every child should be taken before the public and shown off. The Athenians had a farewell education. "The Spartan baby was taken to a doctor to see if it was sickly or wealthy. ' "Athletics made the Greeks endurable. The winner at the Olympic Games received a wreath of oranges. "Venice was one of the Twelve Goddesses who assisted the Oracle of Delphi. "Herodotus wrote a book called Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic Wars. "The Romans never felt downhearted at their feet. "Caesar looked after the wars, Antiny the social parts, and Pompus the practical things. At his home in Rome everybody was speaking of how wonderful Julius was getting on. When Pompus was killed the people thought Julius had done it on purpose. 18 vox "Charlemagne was of the German sex. He left a great impression upon himself all over Europe. Although he/was a German he became a Roman Catholic and learned to speak the Roman Catholic language. Charlemagne sent out counts and ducks to rule the country. He was very ambitious whether sitting or standing. The Pope crowned Charlemagne while he was kneeling in St. John's Baptist Church. "Feudalism was the lack of bad roads and bridges. "Mohammed taught the pleasures of Heaven and Hell. He wrote a book about his religion called The Harem." But surely Mr. Ford takes too gloomy a view.-Ae.e. THE TRAGEDY There could be no mistaking the serious expression on the face of the Senior Stick as he sat, head on hands, gazing into the great open spaces before him. Some momentous burden was weighing him 'Clown, sapping the very life blood of his enthusiasm. In the ominous silence that prevailed no one dared to move, each and all were waiting for the words that must soon come to relieve that terrible nerveracking strain. Ah! ! his lips move, he utters some unintelligible something. the tension deepens, those present strain forward to catch his words but in vain, they are lost in space. Great Guns! ! Can nothing be done! Must this terrible suspense be endured forever! ! "Men!" the stick has risen to his feet, and in the grip of despair the words rush from his lips: "Men, you must, you MUST! ! go forth, go into the highways and the byways, go into the halls and the class-rooms, and bring them here. Stop at nothing, bribe them. coax them, pull them, push them, and, if necessary, fight them, but in Heaven's name, GET THEM HERE." The tension is broken, great deep-throated curses are heard and in the scramble to reach the door chairs are overturned and smashed. pillars are swept aside as the maddened few rush for the door. They halt at nothing, young and old, women and children, all! ALL must come. Ladies are seized by the arms, legs, ears; children are dragged by the hair, men are bodily thrown, terrible bloody panic reigns. The mob throngs towards the hall, the doors are thrown open and mid shrieks and groans it passes within. After a time of silence, the stick rises to his feet smiling, he pauses a moment and then turning to his secretary he says: "Now. Mr. Secretary, you may read the minutes, as there is a quorum here." It might be suggested to the student body as a whole that a conscripted quorum at a student body meeting, where vital questions of policy are being discussed, is not a fact that should arouse very much pride on its part. At the last two meetings of the student body it has been necessary to go out into the halls and coax students to attend. Is this playing the game with your Alma-Mater? ? -S.R.Mc. vox CONFESSIONS OF A PROHIBITION WORKER 19 S a member of a church organization, the representative of an institution of higher learning and a conscientious opponent of the drink traffic, I spent some time this past summer ~I/OS;~ working against the proposed legislation calling for the more open sale of beer in Manitoba. To the best of my ability I supported the campaign against beer parlors. For me it was a discouraging contest, partly because I fought a lone battle within my sphere of influence, and partly because I was not absolutely convinced of the wisdom of my stand. I am not yet convinced. No firmer enemy of the liquor traffic can be found than I; ever since the time when I signed my first abstinence pledge, back in the days when the bottle was always associated in my mind with snakes and bad cowboys, I have been an ardent and active supporter of the temperance movement. I am convinced that drink is an economic evil, a social evil and a moral evil, and that the sooner we are rid of it the better for us all, as individuals and as a nation. Yet. in spite of this, I have never been satisfied with liquor legislation as we have had it in Canada, and there are times when I almost welcome the post-war reversion to more open sale of liquor. One day this summer a friend and myself went fishing by the side of a small stream that flows into the Assiniboine. On its banks. and facing one of the main provincial highways, stands a large house which at the time bore the sign "Ice cream and soft drinks." My friend and I approached the lady of the house, a swarthy woman of evident foreign extraction, and asked for two bottles of ginger ale. "Would you like beer?" said the lady, "I can give you beer.", I knew the place by reputation, but never suspected it for such open law breaking. "Are you not afraid to sell beer?" I asked the lady. "Oh, no," she replied, "if we get caught we pay the fine. and make it up in a little while." The incident lead me to think a bit on the effectiveness of our liquor legislation. I wondered, if the fine were changed to a jail sentence, would the lady then be so casual about her law breaking? Strict enforcement would, no doubt, prove the solution to the problem. But the question then arises as to whether strict enforcement of an unpopular law is possible. Laws, after all, are merely the expression of public opinion, and can be enforced only inasmuch as they are supported by public opinion. Strict enforcement of the law against murder is possible because ninety-nine percent of the people are convinced that murder is wrong, and the strong majority is able to enforce its will on the insignificant minority. In Chicago this minority is evidently not so insignificant, and there is a large percentage of the population that sees nothing wrong with murder. Attempts to enforce the murder laws result only in civic war between gangsters and police. So long as that large minority. exists, it is doubtful if Chicago will ever solve her crime problem. So with our liquor laws; if forty percent of the population sees nothing wrong with the drink traffic, if forty percent of the population is determined 20 vox to have its glass of beer, law or no law, if forty percent of the population is opposed to liquor legislation, the legislation will never be effective. No government, no matter how strong it may be, can permanently impose the will of sixty percent of the people on an unwilling forty percent. Before our liquor legislation can be effective, there must be a solid body of public opinion behind it. In/the meantime, until that body of public opinion has been educated into existence, the wisdom of keeping ineffective legislation is questionable. Rev. Tom Sykes, speaking recently in Young Church, said, "A prohibition is a provocation." It is undoubtedly true that prohibition of the liquor traffic has been a provocation to many people-young people--to drink, and as long as "the stuff" can be got, they will get it. Drinking, if not as public, is almost as widespread as it ever was, and such of it as is done, is done "on the sly." Our task is, of course, to educate; but in the meantime it is doubtful if ineffective legsilation will be of any use. I know that someone will say, "Are you going to legalize murder in Chicago until you educate people not to murder?" To this I can answer only that such is practically the case in Chicago. The police make little or no attempt to cope with gang warfare. and although the murder laws remain on the statute book, gang warfare goes unchecked. This, however, is no real answer to the question. As I said in the beginning I am unconvinced. Of this I am convinced, that liquor in the end must go, but whether or not present retroactive legislation constitutes a real loss is another question. I am not yet convinced. Exchange and Review We are indebted to the following for exchanges:-The Quill, Brandon College; The Johruan, St. John's College; Trinity University Review; Acta Victoriana; Managra, M.A.C.; The Sheaf, Saskatchewan; Ubyssey, University of British Columbia; The Gateway, University of Alberta. . The Brandon College Quill has become a bi-weekly newspaper, instead of the three-issue-per-year journal of last year. This is, no doubt, an innovation made with the idea of serving the student body of that college in those things that come within the scope of a student newspaper. Our own Vox might emulate The Quill in this respect to good advantage, as the news service of Vox at present is negligible, and its express literary purpose would not necessarily be lost sight of in bi-weekly form. At present Vox serves as a record or gazette of college affairs, and this function could be discharged by a final issue each year of Vox in magazine form. The expense of this would be met by the magazine fee already on our student budget, with the bi-weekly newspaper issues gradually becoming selfsupporting. The Johnian has retained that black cover which we admired so much in the special cathedral issue of last year. The black cover vox 21 with its front design worked in gold gives The Johnian a distinction among the pile of magazines on my desk. We are pleased to note among our exchanges again Acta V ictotiana, which comes from our sister college in Toronto. ON THE DESIRE TO ARGUE For some time I have wished to disagree with somebody. I think I should prefer it to be with somebody who speaks with an air of authority, since that type of person always provokes disagreement whether he is unquestionably right or not. For some reason one dislikes the assured person. Perhaps it is because one envies such certainty of mind; at any rate, there is something intensely irritating about the man who states, unconditionally, that it will rain tomorrow. We are liable (albeit alone and with a certain furtive humor over our own feeling) to pray for heat and sun, crops or no crops. I recall a middle-aged man whom I met some years ago at a neighbor's home. His first remarks to me were, "You're a husky young fellow, must tin the scales at 180. Takes the country to produce brawn, eh?" Though I should like to have acquiesced modestlv under ordinary circumstances, I was unaccountably ired by the air of assertion that accompanied the speech and found myself anxious to prove my last's year's attack of rheumatism and this year's susceptibility to colds. The man continued to talk during the remainder of my stay on facts admitting of no argument. I became more and .more annoyed. As I left I could not forego one chance to shoot awry his target. "Do you think," I remarked, "that it will rain tomorrow?" "Not a chance:' he assured me. "Too clear a sunset. And besides, I have a hundred miles to make on dirt roads tomorrow. It has to hold off till I leave." I opened the door. "Sir," I said as I turned to go, "I hope earnestly for rain. and, in case you are correct in your surmise. I shall mourn that the elements have not the strength of will to combat your expectations." Yes. I should like to disagree with someone. I am not particular as to the subject of argument. To be candid, there are few things on which I am well informed-in fact, I cannot at present recollect one'subject on which I might speak authoritatively, for I have a horror of being asked to back my statements with figures. However, I dare sayan argument with someone (possibly an assured gentleman) will ensue in the near future. I have visioned the proceeding somewhat in this fashion: My Opponent (rather a stern-jawed fellow of intellect, on the whole quite amiable)-"And so you disagree with the policies of the present government?" Myself (assuredly)-"I do, sir. I believe them opposed to the best interests of the nation-" 22 vox My Opp. (warmly)-"Why should you consider the present government opposed to these interests?" Myself (warmly)-"It is composed of politicians, sir, not statesmen. (I can't remember who said this first, but it always goes over well.) Self-interest put them where they are and self-interest motivates their present actions. Just examine the stupendous waste of money under our very noses daily." My Opp.-"Do you realize that the present government has saved some $-5.452,833 during the past year?" (I assume it is legitimate to speak of saving millions in these days of high finance. I haven't the least idea as to the expenditure of the government-figures again baffling me at this point.) Myself-"Newspaper twaddle! Why does Mr. MacKenzie King run an expensive car and own three dress suits?" (This again is pure assumption.) "Why does the C.N.R. support a thousand or more families on overtime wages? These things must stop, sir.... " Well, well, and so must 1, I suppose, though I rather enjoy these imaginary volleys. In them one is never treated to the indignity of being addressed as "young man" while one is tapped with an informative forefinger on the chest. At the same time they do not satisfy me. Find me a worthy opponent and I am quite ready to fight to the end for my convictions on the possibility of heaven for the heathens, or the reason the groceryman of Poughkeepsie hung himself (if he did). It is all one. All that one needs is a starting point and the grandiloquent manner. I have not as yet had my opportunity; but I am armed to the teeth. Let the assured gentlemen beware! CONCERNING COLLEGE PUBLICATIONS To the Editor of Vox. Dear Mr. Editor: I fully realize that there are hideous icebergs in the vicinity of my craft, if I dare suggest that there is no justification for what is known as College Magazines. However, in spite of the terrorizing iciness of that region, it is my candid opinion that this is the truth. I am, Mr. Editor, fully aware that even now there is falling from your lips that characteristic "Why?" which is so fundamental in your nature. In order to answer I would be exceedingly grateful if you would give me a little space. As a college magazine is made possible by student fees, it would be interesting to obtain from the students their opinions as to the usefulness of such an enterprise, thereby justifying or not justifying the spending of their money. Would we not get results something like the following: First, there would be more than three-quarters who would see no use for it at all. Then there would be those whose aesthetic sense is more keen, and they would emphasize the value of its covers and cuts to adorn the rooms of their teacher's cottages and surveyor's camps vox 23 during the long dreary summer months. A small percentage would boast it a means of registering the literary talent of students. A few others would exhort us to take notice of the journalistic training that the members of the staff are receiving. There is no doubt that some would tell us that it is a splendid means of communication between the friends of the college and the college activities. The remainder. whose homes are -in the backwoods of the province. would be delighted with the jocundity it contains. Now let us see if there are any grounds for the preponderous arguments of the minority. As it is possible to purchase pictures which are tasteful and varied as to subject matter. also nicely framed, for an exceptionally small sum in the Somerset Block on Portage Avenue. I do not think that the aesthetic sense of our students can be sufficiently good reason for such an expense in the realms of, journalism. The means of expression for literary talent appears a more formidable argument. A college should undoubtedly have an outlet for its poetic ability. However. as there is very little of such in our colleges today, I cannot see any reason for continuing the magazines. I know that you do not agree with me as to the lack of literary talent. Mr. Editor, I would refer you in this matter to last year's editor and staff of the magazine which you now edit. It is a lamentable fact. but only too true. that there is an appalling lack of ability in this department of academic work. However, I agree with those who claim that there are still a few who have the reputation of having had articles received for publication, both by some of our great dailies and other well-known publications. But, Mr. Editor, there is a University Weekly. which is ever seeking material bearing the stamp of true literary ability. Then there are numerous short story magazines which pay exhorbitantly high sums for material of the right type. Again I see no justification for college magazines. Some have said that it is a magnificent source of training for budding journalists. I ask if there is a soul who could conscientiously tell me that there is sufficient training in a journal of three issues per year to justify its existence as a training in journalism. Again college magazines is a department of journalism which is peculiar. to itself. An infinite experience in its work would not equip a man to take up a position, even as a common reporter on a big paying daily. Such a paper is a flagrant injustice to the members of its staff. Its demand upon time is tremendous. The lackadaisical attitude of those who should be interested in supplying the columns with articles, is exasperating to those responsible for its pages. I would add here. that the type of English appearing in these magazines reveals lack of spontaneity. No poet ever wrote under the sense of compulsion, but from the overflowing rivers of his soul. Lastly. could one say that it is a means of reporting college athletic events and anecdotes to those at home. The answer here is that such a paper is unquestionably a failure at this work. A college magazine reports athletic events, functions. stories. which were received at home often three months before. through the columns of the local dailies. Yes, but how are you going to do the work of the 24 vox graduation number? The Year Book does this every year. and does it far more effectively than a local college magazine. I challenge the students of our colleges. to justify the existence of a college magazine. Signed: ESJA BEPE. OUR FRIENDS-THE BANKERS Who's running things here, anyway? It looks like blind Chance, doesn't it? But "money talks," they say. This matter is fast becoming a vital issue in our Dominion politics, and is, therefore, worthy of our consideration. There are three kinds. or forms of money. First. gold; second. bank notes; third. cheques. Let us include under the first heading "gold" all forms of exchange standards. such as. pieces of eight. boar's teeth. beaver skins, scalps. coins, etc. This form of money, although most familiar to us. is used for a very small percentage of the trade of today. Bank notes originally represented an equal value in gold; at present, however. they are guaranteed by a gold basis which is only a part of their face value. This form of money is also used in small transactions only. On the other hand. approximately ninety-six percent of the business of Canada is' carried on by the cheque or credit system. Under this system the bank gives credit which may be exchanged by means of cheques. Credit may be obtained from the bank in either of two ways: l st, in return for currency of the realm (either gold or bank notes) deposited at the bank; Znd, in return for any other security deposited with the bank; for example: A is a farmer who owns a herd of cows valued at $2.000. He needs $1,000 but he does not wish to sell his cattle. He visits his banker who agrees to give him $1,000 credit on the security of his cattle. A thus receives $1,000 credit, which has its basis not in money deposited in the bank, but rather in cattle. That is to say, until A's loan is redeemed by money, the bank has created $1,000 which formerly did not exist. Moreover, as soon as A's loan is redeemed, $1,000 is removed from the former currency. Thus, by granting or by recalling loans. the bank is able to increase or decrease. at will. the amount of money in the country. Money is used for the purchase of commodities. If the amount of money increases, other things remaining the same. the value of money decreases and accordingly commodities become dearer. This is called inflation. If the amount of money decreases. other things remaining the same, the value of money becomes greater and consequently commodities become cheaper. This is known as deflaion. Thus it becomes obvious that those who control the quantity of money in circulation, control the value of all commodities. Not only do the banks control the issuing of credits. but they also control the issuing of bank-notes to a certain extent; and moreover, they administer the Savings of a great proportion of our coun- vox 25 try. Besides this, owing to the recent amalgamations, the finances of Canada are in the hands of a small number of banks, which have headquarters either in Montreal or Toronto, with the exception of one or two small banks. This means that a very limited number of financial magnates are practically able to dictate the financial policy for the whole country. But what is the remedy for this state of affairs? There is no value in pointing out a wrong unless some remedy is also shown. Some attempt has already been made along the line of State Savings Banks. There seems to be no reason why these could not handle the entire Savings of the country. Moreover, the State already controls the issue of certain bank notes, why not increase this to cover all? To suggest that the time is ripe for the establishment of a State credit system, would undoubtedly call forth protests of "too many opportunities for graft, patronage, and inefficient management." However, a commission for the purpose of regulating bank credits should not seem any less feasible than other already proven government commissions. -,H.G.R. IN THE EXAMINATION ROOM (An Extract from an Oxford Publication) <, ( 1) Remember the standard you are competing against is not that of an omniscient being, nor even that of your college tutor. who has given twenty years to the study .of the subject. It is 'a standard which experience has shown can be attained by persons of like passions with yourself who have given to it about two years. (2) The number of questions which can be asked on any well-worn subject is limited. Moreover, a good examiner does not seek to catch people out by angling for out-of-the-way pieces of information; he tries rather to test their real knowledge and understanding of the outstanding and important things. Ergo, be on the look out to detect beneath the unfamiliar wording of a question a problem which can be solved by readapting with appropriate modification one of the stock questions on which you did an Essay for your tutor, or possibly by combining in a new synthesis bits out of two or three of the answers to old stock questions. (3) In a paper consisting mainly of general questions, you will probably, on first glancing through the paper, be appalled to discover that there are at most two questions to which you really know the answer, and a few others about which you vaguely remember something. The man next you and the girl at the end of the row will at once begin writing hard, as if it were an easy paper which they know all about. That is because they have lost their headsdon't follow their example. Cigarettes are not permitted in the Schools, but mentally you should light and smoke one at this point. Then read the questions through again carefully, once or twice. You will then find that at least six are old friends in a disguised form, 26 vox and information bearing on them will begin to dawn upon you. About the rest of the paper your mind may still be an absolute blank; but, if you know the answers to the five or six of the questions you propose to attempt, it does not matter being ignorant about all the rest. (4) Before writing any question jot down on a rough piece of paper (which is provided) names, dates, an odd word or two which will remind you of tags or quotations to be worked in, etc.' Then think out the scheme of your answer. It is often effective to begin with what is really a summary. indicating the main conclusion you are going to prove, the important distinction you propose to elaborate. or the heads of the classification y,ou are going to develop. The examiner then at once sees what you are driving at. It does not matter in what order you do the questions, provided you number them clearly and distinctly. . (5) Never look up your questions afterwards to see what mistakes you made. The results will only depress you. (6) Never work at night during an Exam. Some people can profitably spend half an hour, or at most three-quarters, refreshing their memory with regard to selected dates or details previously reserved. Anything more than this means that you are acquiring new information at the expense of losing old, and that you will start the next day jaded. (7) Supposing that you discover that you do unexpectedly badly on one or more papers. and one often does badly on what one hopes will be one's best paper, don't worry over it. These are the inevitable casualties in this particular warfare. A.B.S. AND C. Carbonaro in Italy, Ku Klux Klan in America, C.B.V.S.H.S in Sparling Hall! We cannot get away from these elements of mystery. Light dim. door locked, silence! Then in an "awe-full" tone the Lord High Smiter drones . . . . "Repeat after me .... I hereby swear . . . . (of course, everyone swears when they get mad, . . . . suppress that giggle, will you?) .... and if I don't may the Lord High Smiter smite me. Amen." I kiss the symbol of office solemnly, lingeringly. It is a shoe-tree. The first meeting adjourns. 10.30: Monday evening. Place: Secret Places of the Lord High Smiter. Business: The rules have been broken. Sister "Just So," why did you break the rules?" She didn't know-propinquity. abnegation, consternation, amelioration. How could I help it? A vote, you say? Guilty? And the Lord High Smiter smote her on the left calf. -E.F. vox ATHLETICS 27 TRACK AND FIELD Third N. White Lytle W. Griggs Carlton McCurdy Astbury 4th Year Third Bell Bell Danylchuk Weekes Weekes Bell Young Bell Danylchuk 3rd Year SUMMARY OF EVENTS Men's Events Second Allison Allison Allison S. Thompson Richardson S. Thompson Penwarden Danylchuk S. Thompson 4th Year Girls' Events Second D. Lytle E. McCurdy M. Hopkins W. Stevenson C. Astbury C. Astbury Carlton 1st Year INTER-CLASS MEET The Inter-Class Track Meet was held at Sargent Park, Friday. Sept. 30th: For the first time in several years the cup was carried off by the First Year class, due, in part, to the excellent work of the Freshettes, with I. McLaren and M. Hopkins the chief point getters. Reg Penwarden of the "Senior Division," won the individual championship by running away with the 100, 220, 440 and placing second in the discus throw. I Event First 50 yds, -1. McLaren 100yds. --1. McLaren Discus -E. Carlton Shot Put Hopkins Running Broad.iMcl.aren Running High _..McCurdy Javelin -Hopkins Relay 2nd Year Event First 100 yds. " ..Penwarden 220 yds. ....Penwarden 440 yds. ....Penwarden Shot Put Young Javelin ..Bell High Jump .Reynolds Discus Gra y Pole Vault Gray Running Broad .Bell Relay 1st Year INTER-FACULTY TRACK MEET United Colleges had its usual "success" in placing second to the Moos in the Inter-Faculty Track Meet. For the third time in four 28 vox years the team placed second to Meds-two years ago by five points. last year by a wider margin. With the wealth of material from which we have to draw. it is somewhat surprising that the team seems always to lack the finish to put it in top place. Perhaps it is from a want of facilities for summer training-a more likely reason is from a lack of interest. No doubt there are some who think that three nights of training just before the meet is enough to whip them into shape. but. they forget that the condition which enabled them to place in a C.S.E.T. Meet or a country fair is not enough for an Inter-Faculty Meet. If the "would be athletes" would think of this. and give some time to conscientious summer training. we might then. and only then. look for an Inter-Faculty track championship. -R.B.P. * * * SOCCER SENIOR Union has proved an entire success in the realm of football at United Colleges. The pooling of forces has resulted in the setting of a record; the Senior championship has been won for two years in succession. Soccer in Wesley seemed to take a new lease of life in the Fall of 1925. when a group of players with some experience joined the ranks of the Senior squad. Management of the team was taken over by Maurice Willis, and although the season was not successful as far as championships were concerned. foundations were laid for a good football team. The next year a few men were brought up from the ranks of the Junior team. and union brought three valuable players from Manitoba College. As the United Colleges team, the squad won the league after a hard struggle against Agricultural College. The team this year, almost the same as last, had much less difficulty in carrying off the shield. Earlier games in the schedule were played on muddy fields and featured slow play to a large extent. Football this season lacked the exciting qualities of the game a year ago. when the title was being won for the first time in many years. The best game of the series was against Agricultural College. when Aggies were defeated on their home grounds 1 goal to O. The Medical game, which ended in a 1goal tie, was a loose affair. neither team showing finished playing style. Arts and Engineers were easy victims to the United Colleges team; Arts were defeated 5-0 and Engineers 4-0. It has been felt that the members of the team deserve individual mention. A summary of the football career of each of the Seniors follows: MAURICE J. WILLIS, captain and centre. Maurice opened his college experience in his freshman year; he was at that time appointed captain of the Senior team. and has ever since held this position. Previous to coming to college he played centre for the Stonewall vox 29 team. and held the captaincy the year that team won the Junior _championship of Manitoba. He has played centre forward on the United Colleges team since he came to college: hard and consistent playing has featured his field work. CHARLES JOHNSON, goal. Charlie succeeded Brooks in the United Colleges goal this year, putting in his first year in soccer on the Senior team. His record is admirable, inasmuch as he let through only one goal in the four games he played. JOHN STEPHENS, fullback. Ever since his public school days Johnny has been associated with football in Winnipeg. Since entering University he has played with the 'Varsity Arts team, the Manitoba College team, and two years ago came to the United Colleges line-up. JAMES FARGEY, fullback. In local football record Fargey and Stephens are named as one of the best defensive combinations ever seen on a Winnipeg field. They have played together in the backfield for several years, and understand each other's game perfectly. This summer, when the University entered a team in the church league. Fargey and Stephens appeared in the line-up as defense men. The two are noted for their hard kicking and careful covering. SIDNEY DENHAM, centre half-back. Sid learned football during his high school days at Foxwarren, ana joined the United Colleges aggregation two years ago. He played left half-back in his first year at college, and was moved over to centre this year. Sid's kicking was one of the features of the schedule both years he has played. EARNEST. BIRKINSHAW, right halfback. Birkinshaw is another one of this year's graduates from the Junior team. He has done good work on the half line of the Senior squad, and fully justified the place given him in the more important team. SELWYN R. THOMPSON, left halfback. "Sally" has played Junior football ever since he came to college as a Freshman, and was given his first permanent go at the Senior game this year. He is noted for his hard work and tireless playing on the left wing of the halfback line. EVANS FURNIVAL, outside left. After playing a year on the Junior team in 1926, Evans took a place in the Senior aggregation last year when the title was won for the first time. He brings a record from high school, and made a place this year on the 'Varsity team in the church league. ALEX. COX, inside left. One of the most aggressive members of the forward line, Cox is reckoned one of the most dangerous men of the team. He came direct from Arts to the United Colleges team two years ago. . ALEX. TICKLE, inside right. Tickle made his appearance in college football a year ago when he joined the Junior team as a Matri- 30 vox culation student. Smart headwork and tricky playing justified his place on the Senior team this year. KEITH SMITH, outside right. Played football with Sid. Denham in Foxwarren in his youth. and made the Senior team the first year he came to college. Having played for three years on the college team. he expects to round out his University career by holding down his place again next season. Smith's long passes into the goal mouth have featured his performance whenever he plays. JUNIOR Following a brilliant performance last season. the Junior team fared comparatively badly in the league this year. and failed even to reach the league finals.· Weakened by the loss of several players to the Senior team, the Juniors lacked the driving power and finish that gave them victory a year ago. New material has been secured. however. that should be working well with the old players who have remained by the time the season comes round next year. In spite of a good start, the Juniors managed to drop two crucial games that cost them their chance of the trophy. In their first two contests they defeated St. John's and Engineers. Arts gained a 2-1 victory over the United Colleges in their third game. and when Medicals held them to a tie it seemed as though the local outfit was definitely out of the running. An unexpected turn in the schedule caused a tie to occur between United Calleges and Medicals for top place in the division. In the play-offs for the right to meet the "B" division winners, the United Colleges Juniors were badly snowed under by Medicals, 5-0. In their games the Juniors displayed plenty of title-winning talent. but lacked the finish in the goal mouth and the co-operative effort between players that brings a team out on top. The material in this year's team developed for another season should prove a formidable aggregation. * * * CURLING. Deer Lodge Curling rink has been secured for United Colleges curling activity this season. Keith Smith. in charge of arrangements. "Patronize an ex- Wesley Student" OFFICIAL SWEATERS AND COATS And a new Skating Outfit will be appreciated at Christmas Be sure and orders yours from JOHNNNY FARQUAHAR'S United Colleges Sporting Goods Store 353 PORTAGE AVE., CORNER CARLTON ST. Opp. Holt Renfrew EXPERT SKATE SHARPENING vox 31 reports splendid interest with over fifty players involved in the draw each Saturday morning. The schedule this year is featured by the entry of a Staff rink. skipped by Prof. Hetherington. who has Dr. Riddell, Dr. Moffit. and Mr. Rogers as his supporters. United Colleges representatives are making a good showing in the Inter-faculty schedules, with plenty of material to draw from and a good many experienced men to skip rinks. Alumni Alumnaeque !1ll\illlITffimlll !1ll\illlITffiml~e<Q1 \ille HERE AND THERE WITH THE GRADS OF '27 Hazel Anderson Normal in Winnipeg Lloyd Borland c ~ Normal in Winnipeg Heidmar Bjornson _'- =______________________________ ? Grace Cann --------------------7-------:------------- Normal School. Winnipeg David Cavers ~ Theology. United Colleges Alice Carver Success Business College. Winnipeg Jean Coleman -~--:----------------_------ _. Normal School. Winnipeg Fanny Davis _c Faculty of Education. Toronto University Jenepher A. Fisher (Mrs. J. Stevens) Toronto Mary Forrest Municipal Office. Hartney Enid Frank .Fifth Year Honors. Wesley College Maude Hopper ~ In Eaton's, Winnipeg Naomi Kenner " Normal School. Winnipeg Merle McDonald 7 Success Business College, Winnipeg Grace Parsons Faculty of Education, Toronto University Frances Pratt ~ c __ Business College. Vancouver John E. Robins c.. Honors Course in Philosophy. Wesley Ethel Sutherland __r- Normal School. Winnipeg Juliet Scott ~ Public Library. Calgary Kate Smith ~ Missionary Training School. Toronto Harold Stinson Teaching at Ideal. Manitoba Lewis Wright .Financial Dept.. Eaton's Rev. John W. Howes ..c_-:: Angusville, Man. Rev. Reginald Vincent ~ McCreary, Man. Rev. J. King Gordon s: Pine Falls. Man. Rev. A. D. Caskey McAuley, Man. Rev. John Dunnett " Beulah. Man. Rev. William Bill Pilot Mound. Man. Rev. J. Alex. Stephens Kelwood, Man. Rev. John Fleming ,~---------------------------------Missionary.Formosa Rev. James E. McNeill Emerson. Man. Miss Emily Hayter Deaconess, Old St. Andrew's. Winnipeg Miss Emily Martin Deaconness, Point Douglas Mission. Winnipeg * * * The "Picture Gallery" in Convocation Hall perked up with evident pride as it looked out upon its "real self" so happily gathered 32 vox around the festive board on the evening of October 8th. The large and representative body of Wesley Grads. assembled to pay hommage to their Alma Mater as a feature of the Semi-Centennial Anniversary of the University of Manitoba. truly indicated the traditional fellowship and esprit de corps of the old college. Reminiscences of the "Old days" were given by Dr. A. E. Hetherington. '93. while Ben Parker vividly recalled incidents of the "Newer days." To an onlooker it would appear that the spirit of the old days and the spirit of the new days differ only in the element of time; and that the traditions borne of old and fostered in the present augur well for the college of the future. * * * The Alumnae have held two very interesting meetings up to the present this year. The first meeting at the home of Mrs. J. Whittaker. on October 29th. was addressed by Mrs. A. Z. Thomas. the eminent Canadian authoress. Mrs. Thomas' address on "Pioneer Women" was most instructive. inspiring . and thought provoking. The Society is deeply indebted to Mrs. Thomas for the splendid address. The second meeting took the form of the "Annual Baby Party." The members of the Society, with their families. gathered in Sparling Hall as the guests of the Dean, Miss E. D. Bowes, on Saturday. November 26th. The "Baby" guests were: Nora Lougheed. Vernon Halstead. Billy Halstead, Grant McKay, Peggy Barager, Fletcher Barager, Josephine Louise Ritchie, Helen Aikenhead, David Aikenhead, Frances MacCharles, Janie Merle Morgan, Mary Weatherill, Anna Lindal, Leonard McMurtie. Everyone had a most enjoyable time. * * * Gladys Putingill, '16 has given up the teaching profession for that of nursing. She will begin training in the General Hospital. Winnipeg, at the beginning of the New Year. * * * Vox has been informed of the announcement of the wedding date, December l Zth, of Hazel McDonald. It is announced that Hazel will become Mrs. Osborne Parkinson. of Roland, Man. We anticipate the event by our happiest wishes. * * * Dwight Ridd, '20. has joined the Winnipeg teaching staff. At present he is at Norquay School. * * * Irene Thompson. ' 18. who is home on furlough from Chengtu, West China, is attending Toronto University. studying for the degree of Bachelor of Pedagogy. While Irene was in Winnipeg a class reunion was held at the house of Vera Patrick, Sparling Apartments. A Chinese dinner was the feature of the happy occasion. * * * Annie Thexton, '26, is attending Shanghai College. working on her Master's degree. Annie is awaiting orders to proceed up rivet vox 33 to Schezwan province where she will continue the work interrupted by the revolution. * * * W. "Bill" Kristjanson, '2 L is teaching at Baldur. * * * We are glad to note that two members of the '18 class expect to complete their Ph.D. degrees next spring. Orval Watts at Harvard and Bill Gray at Chicago. Orval is studying in the field of Political Economy; Bill in Education. James Maynard, '23, is studying at Toronto University. He expects to complete his Ph.D. in the spring in the field of Geology. * * * Frank Baker, '23, is in British Honduras with the British American Mining Co. Frank intends to complete his Ph.D. after a year or two of practical experience. - * * * Vox extends its heartiest congratulations to Jenepher Fisher, '27, and John Stevens of Theology, who were married last month at the home of the bride. They are residing in Toronto. * * * Congratulations to Mrs. Plant. nee Ruth Hetherington, '22. on the arrival of an heir apparent. * * * Vox is sorry to hear that Rev. M. M. Bennett, a graduate of 1893, of Wingham, Ontario, has had to retire from active service owing to ill health. * * * Congratulations are extended to George E. Whitlaw, '26, on the event of his marriage to Catherine Livingstone, 'Varsity Arts. '25. "Whit" is Assist. Principal in Elgin, Man. * * * A prospective future editor for Vox is announced in the person of Joseph Henry Sparling, heir apparent to Rev. Doug. Sparling. '26, of Hargrave, Man. Young Joseph arrived in September, 1927. * * * Vox wishes to congratulate John Bell, Theol. '26, on his marriage to Mary MacIlraith Mary MacIIraith. Rev. and Mrs. Bell are living Man. * * * John C. Matheson and Jack Flemming, Theological graduates and both missionaries in foreign fields, each became the proud father of a son during the past summer. * * * His many batchelor friends, through Vox, wish to extend their kindly sympathies to Bert Davies, Arts '24, on the event of his marriage on July 6. The happy bride was formerly Doris McFee, of Norwood. 34 DRINK MILK for HEALTH BE SURE IT IS Phone 27759 WALLINGFORD BUILDING 303 Kennedy St. vox SPORT SHOTS By Jerry Unofficial announcement has been made by Mr. Burton Richardson that the United Colleges hockey team will not enter competition for the Allen Cup this year. Mr. Richardson states no reason for this decision. * * • Traditions of good soccer, developed in Wesley and Manitoba colleges back in the last century. are being rebuilt by the present generation of football players. For two years the United Colleges football team has won the shield by the simple process of playing good football. With a good proportion of the players drawn from the lower: years, it is probable that the standard will be maintained for a few years at least. * * * Senior Iootballers had easier going in the interfaculty schedule this year. Last year it took them until nearly Christmas to win the title; this time the schedule was run off and the shield put back on the wall to collect dust for another year before the snow was off the ground. Maybe next year they'll do things in real style and win it before the season starts, * * * That this year's girls' hockey team will retain its championship form its promised by Dot. Stevenson. Old players that have returned are reinforced by new material, and an efficient aggregation is in the process of development for the inter-faculty schedule after Christmas. vox 35 COR. ELLICE ~ SPENCE JUST PHONE 38488 and SAVE We Serve You Better McBurney's Drug Store 1. We are your nearest drug store. 2. We will give you strict service and deliver at any time. 3. You don't pay any more. 4. We will stock any necessities which you require. 5. We appreciate your patronage. AN APPEAL Buy your clothes from- We have REASONS to ask the students for their patronage. Scanlan & McComb THINK-We Save You More Senior. basketballers claim an almost unprecedented record in having defeated Agricultural College out on the M.A.C. floor. The Aggie home game has always been more or less of a bad debt oil the schedule, and the trip out to the game is usually one long trolley ride packed. full Of pessimism. The boys achieved the unexpected . this year, and left the Agricultural College with two points added to their schedule total. * * * . And speaking of basketball teams, it is highly advisable not to speak to the Athletic Council about them these days. It all happened over a simple question ds to whether a football sweater could be used as a perspiration jacket. The basketball players wanted sweat-shirts arid asked if they could borrow the football sweaters in which to do their sweating. The Athletic Council held that asweater is not a sweatshirt, but finally appeased the basketball team by buying it the necessary articles of wearing apparel. * * * It is rumored that the Athletic Council is considering the appointment of an inspector to make sure the baskeball team does sufficient sweating to justify the purchase of the sweat-shirts. * * * United Colleges this year had their representative on the first string of the University of Manitoba Rugby team. It is the first time for many years that a Wesley or Manitoba man has appeared on the Rugby line-up. Big Bill Weekes, who worked on occasions as snap-back, represented United * * • With plenty of ice out in the backyard and lots of undeveloped talent lying around, it is expected that cuspidor hockey will have a bumper season. The old brass cuspidor, for inter-class competition, has been shined up preparatory to the schedule, and local athletic representatives are diligently piecing together teams to represent their years. Players who do not know how to skate will be barred. Girls' basketball suffered a serious loss when Celia Pettypiece was forced by sickness to leave college. Celia was one of the most energetic and efficient players on the old team, and it was expected that she would take an important place in this year's sextette. VOX and a keener interest in proceedings would result· from the mooted changes. * * * The girls' basketball team, inter-faculty champions for the past three years, has only one member of the old line-up back on the floor this year. Ruth Armstrong, who turned out with the team last year, is the only survivor of the aggregation that won the title a year ago. Coach Ed. Armstrong is optimistic, however, and feels that he can develop a good outfit from this year's material. * * * 387 PORTAGE AVE. (Opp. Boyd Bldg.) Farquhar & Shaw, LIMITED SPORTING GOODS, PHONOGRAPHS AND RECORDS Headquarters for Wesley Studeuts Official Sweaters. Crests. Pennants. Football. Hockey, Tennis Supplies Skates and Boots S~owshoes 36 A carefully selected list of standard atrractions will be presented during the Current Season. Box Office Phone: 28 683 Agitation is on foot for the reorganization of the Athletic Council. The present system of election to office and of election of representatives is not as efficient as it might be, it is held by certain members of the council. More regular attendance at meetings Colleges on the team. Bill says the thing he liked best about the games was the train rides west. . * * * Jlanitoba mnibtt~it!' (THE PROVINCIAL UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA) Offers to students seeking general cultural or professional training the following courses: Through its FACULTY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE, and with the co-operation of AFFILIATED COLLEGES, courses leading to the degrees of B.A. and M.A.: B.Sc. (Phar.) and M.Sc. . Through its FACULTY OF ENGINEERING AND AGRICULTURE, courses leading to the degrees of B.Sc. (C.E.). B.Sc. (E.E.). MoSco and B. Arch. Through its FACULTY OF MEDICINE, courses leading to the degrees of M.D. and CoM. Through its FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE AND HOME ECONOMICS, courses leading to the degrees of BoS.A. and B.Sc. (H.Ec.) Through MANITOBA LAW SCHOOL, conducted in co-operation with the Law Society of Manitoba. a course leading to the degree of LL.B. For terms of admission. details of courses and other information apply to: W. J. SPENCE, Registrar, UNIVERSITY OF MANITOBA, WINNIPEG, MAN. USE CANADA BREAD The Quality goes in before the name goes on Telephone 33604 KENNEDY BROS. Butchers CHOICE MEATS, FISH. POULTRY SAUSAGE OUR SPECIALTY 569 ELLICE AVENUE PHONE 33213 SUPPORT "VOX" ADVERTISERS-THEY SUPPORT YOU Something for MentoThink About Intensive research by Eaton clothing experts has resulted in a set of thirtyseven distinct and separate specifications being drawn up for an Eaton "Specified" suit. This suit we have called our Birkdale "specified." It may be had in the widest range of fitting types-and a remarkable selection of high-grade woollens. It is a suit that we recommend to the special attention of men accustomed to paying $45.00 to $50.00 for their clothing. It is priced at $35.00 ~~T. EATON C~MITED
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|Title||Vox 1927 December|
|Description||The December 1927 edition of Vox.|
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VOX UC VOL 1 UNITED COLLEGES WINNIPEG NO 111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111
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DECEMBER, 1927 Editorial Staff No. 1 HONORARY EDITOR _.__.__._. PRoF. A. C. COOKE, B.A.
EDITOR-IN-CHIEF ............................... HAROLD ROBSON, B.A. E
ITOR-IN·CHIEF __~ ASSISTANT EDITOR _ ___MISS K. W. McARTHUR, '28
LITERARY EDITOR __ _ -MISS MARY DAVIDSON, '28
ASSIST. LITERARY EDITOR DAVID OWENS, '29
RELIGIOUS EDITOR -ALEX. COX, B.A.
ALUMNI EDITOR ------ CARL HALSTEAD, B.A.
jDAISY DE YONG, M., '28
- DOROTHY POUND, '30
LOCAL EDITORS ------ . JOHN LINTON, '29
MARK TALNICOFF , '30 K 'TALNICOFF, '30
SAM J. B. PARSONS, '31
EXCHANGE AND REVIEW • ~BURTON RICHARDSON, '28
ATHLETICS R. GERALD RIDDELL, '29
BUSINESS MANAGER GEORGE FURNIVAL, '29
ASSIST. BUSINESS MANAGER _. BRUCE J. McKITTRICK, '29
ADVERTISING SOLICITOR - MISS EILEEN GAMEY, '28
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THREE GREEK CHORUSES
FREE VERSE-WHAT IS IT?
CLIO'S DAY OFF
r----------- 4 vox
(gHRISTMAS Eve, and twelve of the clock.
"Now they are all on their knees"
An elder said as he sat in a flock
By the embers in heatthside ease.
We pictured the meek mild creatures where
They dwelt in their strawy pen,
Nor did it occur to one of us there
To doubt they were kneeling then.
So fair a fancy few would weave
In these years! Yet, I feel,
If someone said on Christmas Eve,
"Come; see the oxen kneel
"In the lonely barton by yonder coomb
Our childhood used to know"
I should go with him in the gloom,
Hoping it might be so.
PROFESSOR J. N. ANDERSON
It is my pleasant duty, in this first issue of Vox, to voice our
welcome to Rev. J. Norrie Anderson, M.A., who has joined our
staff as Lecturer in History. Born and reared at Stornoway, in the
Island of Lewis, amongst the hills and mists of the Hebrides, there
is about him something of the invigorating atmosphere of his native
isles, something of the alertness, vigour, and adventurous spirit of
his Viking ancestors. After absorbing what education Nicholson
Institute, at Stornoway, had to offer, he journeyed south to the
wind-swept hills of "Auld Reekie" and achieved his M.A. degree at
the University of Edinburgh, with Honours in History, in 1913.
He then entered New College, Edinburgh, the training ground for
ministers of the United Free Church of Scotland. While there, he
heard the call of missions, and came to Canada in 1915 to serve as
student missionary under the former Presbyterian Church at Kerrobert,
Sask. But the call to service in the Great War drew him back
to remain with the Scottish forces until the end of the war, when he
returned to New College. It was the writer's privilege to sit with
him for a term in 1919, along with a large company of Scots and
overseas men, exposed to lectures in Dogmatic (Systematic Theory)
from the great Professor Hugh Mackintosh.
The following year, having completed his course in Theology,
Mr Anderson was appointed Professor of History in Union Christian
College at Madras, India. This college is maintained, co-operatively,
by seven Mission Societies, and holds much the same relation to
the University of Madras as our United Colleges do to Manitoba
University. In Madras, he met his matrimonial fate in the person
of Miss (Dr.) Finlay, a medical missionary from Winnipeg. On
their first furlough, when Mrs. Anderson's health made return to
India impossible, they decided to settle in Canada.
Last spring, after a period of supply, Mr. Anderson was called
to the United Church at Deloraine, Manitoba, but before he was
regularly settled, was appointed to our staff. With training in Scotland
and experience in India, with a Winnipeg wife to supply the
necessary Canadian background, he is equipped to render signal service
to our academic and student life. He has entered enthusiastically
into all thework of the college, and is taking a deep interest in the
S.C.M. Vox, the voice of the college, gives him and his family a
sincere and hearty welcome, and wishes him many years of happy
and useful activity in our midst.
6 Three Greek Choruses VOX Gree